down


down
I UK [daʊn] / US adjective, adverb, preposition ***
Summary:

Down can be used in the following ways: - as a preposition (followed by a noun): She was walking down the street. - as an adverb (without a following noun): She lay down and fell asleep. - after the verb "to be": Oil prices are down. - as an adjective: I've been feeling rather down lately.
1) to or towards a lower place
a) moving towards a lower place or position

Someone pushed him and he fell down the stairs.

Snowflakes floated down through the cold night air.

Tears were rolling down his cheeks.

We watched the sun go down.

b) looking, pointing, or leading to a lower place

We paused for a moment, gazing down into the valley below.

steps leading down to the beach

the down escalator

c) from a higher place to the ground

Their plane came down in a field beside the motorway.

Get down off that roof – it's dangerous.

d) used for saying that you put something you are carrying onto a lower surface

Put the box down on the table.

2) in a lower place in a lower place or at a lower level

It was dark and cold down in the cellar.

Your name's further down the list.

down below:

We could hear noises coming from down below.

3) into or in a sitting or lying position
a) moving your body into a sitting, bending, or lying position

Why don't you sit down and rest your legs?

I crouched down behind some bushes.

b) remaining in a sitting, lying, or bending position

The headache was so bad she spent the rest of the day lying down.

The video has exercises you can do while you are sitting down.

4) in a direction away from you
a) moving or looking along a road, track, path etc

I was walking down the street with a couple of friends.

James looked back down the drive to see if anyone was following him.

b) moving or looking along a river in the same direction as the current

We sailed down the Yellow River towards the open sea.

c) at a point somewhere on a road, path etc in a direction away from you

They live somewhere down Park Avenue.

100 yards/2 miles etc down something:

The nearest hotel is five or six miles down the main road.

d) at a point further along a river in the direction of the current

There's another bridge further down the river.

5) spoken at or to a place that is near at or to a place that is near you

Sandra's just gone down to the shops.

I saw him down at the station this morning.


Usage note:
In informal British spoken English down is sometimes used without the preposition "to" or "at" when talking about a place that is near you: He's down the pub with his mates. But many people think this is not correct.
6) south
a) going towards the south

Thousands of Scottish fans will be travelling down to London for the big match.

b) in a place that is to the south of where you are

Newhaven is down on the south coast.

7) when something is reduced
a) at or to a smaller amount, lower level etc than before

The government is determined to bring down unemployment.

down to:

House prices have come down to a more reasonable level.

down by:

Overall demand for heating energy last winter was down by about 10%.

down on (= less than):

Profits are 15% down on last year.

b) used for saying that something becomes less strong, less violent, or less loud

The storm had died down by evening.

Turn down the radio.

8) when something is damaged used for saying that something is damaged or destroyed and falls to the ground

The opera house was burnt down in 1990.

It's more than ten years since the Berlin Wall came down.

9) when you write something used for saying that you write something on a piece of paper or in a book

I copied down his address and phone number.

Let me write that down before I forget it.

10) when something is fastened used for saying that something is fastened or stuck to a surface

The lid of the box was screwed down tight.

11) when something is cleaned thoroughly used for saying that the whole of a large object is cleaned from top to bottom

We need to wash down the walls before we can start painting.

12) when you eat or drink something when food or drink goes down, it goes from your mouth to your stomach

He gulped down his tea and got up from the table.

Lunch consisted of pizza washed down with a glass of milk.

13) when someone is ill used for saying that someone has an illness
be/go/come down with something:

Poor Susan went down with flu just before Christmas.

14) for the people who live after you used for saying that something is given to the next generation (= people who are alive after you die)
hand/pass down:

The ancient Gaelic songs have been handed down from generation to generation.

15) informal sad unhappy or sad
be/feel down:

He's been feeling very down since his wife went away.

get someone down:

All these problems are getting her down.

16) chosen or expected to do something if you are down for a particular job, it has been arranged that you will do it
down for:

I think I'm down for babysitting on Monday night.

17) losing a game if a player or team is a certain number of points down, that is the number of points they need in order to reach their opponent's score

At half-time our team were two goals down.

18) not working if a computer system is down, it is not working
19) already done used for saying how many things you have dealt with and how many more still need to be dealt with
one/two etc down and one/two etc to go:

Well, that's another exam over. Two down and four to go.

20) paid now used for saying that you pay an amount of money immediately when you buy something and will pay the rest later

Own a brand new Fiat Bravo for only £99 cash down and £31.68 a week.

down with...spoken used for showing that you are opposed to a leader, government etc and you want to get rid of them. People shout this when they are protesting

Down with racism!


II UK [daʊn] / US noun
Word forms "down":
singular down plural downs
1)
a) [uncountable] the small soft feathers of a bird
b) soft short hairs

the soft down of her cheek

2) downs
[plural] areas of low hills covered with grass, especially in southern England

III UK [daʊn] / US verb [transitive]
Word forms "down":
present tense I/you/we/they down he/she/it downs present participle downing past tense downed past participle downed
1) to drink or eat all of something quickly

He downed his beer and left.

2)
a) mainly journalism to make an aircraft crash to the ground by attacking it while it is flying

The jet was downed by a surface-to-air missile.

b) to make someone or something fall to the ground

Lewis downed his opponent with a punch to the jaw.

3) mainly journalism to defeat a player or team
See:

English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Down — Down, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne, prop., from or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf. {Adown}.] 1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down on — Down Down, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad[=u]n, ad[=u]ne, prop., from or off the hill. See 3d {Down}, and cf. {Adown}, and cf. {Adown}.] 1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Down — may refer to: Relative direction, where down is the direction towards the centre of gravity of a celestial object. Railroad directions, where down and up have locally significant meanings Down feather, a soft bird feather frequently used in… …   Wikipedia

  • Down in It — Single by Nine Inch Nails from the album Pretty Hate Machine Released …   Wikipedia

  • Down — /down/, n. 1. a county in SW Northern Ireland. 311,876; 952 sq. mi. (2466 sq. km). Co. seat: Downpatrick. 2. an administrative district in this county. 49,500; 253 sq. mi. (654 sq. km). * * * I District (pop., 1999 est.: 63,800), Northern Ireland …   Universalium

  • Down In It — Single par Nine Inch Nails extrait de l’album Pretty Hate Machine Sortie 15 septembre 1989 Enregistrement 1989 Durée 17:45 Genre(s) Metal industriel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Down in It — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda «Down in It» Sencillo de Nine Inch Nails del álbum Pretty Hate Machine Publicación 15 de septiembre de 1989 Formato CD, 12 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Down in It — Single par Nine Inch Nails extrait de l’album Pretty Hate Machine Sortie 15 septembre 1989 Enregistrement 1989 Durée 17:45 Genre Metal industriel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Down — ([daʊn], engl. unten, herunter, herab, nieder) steht für: eine Grafschaft in Nordirland, siehe County Down einen District in Nordirland, siehe Down (District) eine Genommutation beim Menschen, siehe Down Syndrom (Trisomie 21) einen Quark, siehe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Down — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Down puede referirse a: el síndrome de Down, un síndrome genético; John Langdon Haydon Down, médico que describió las características del síndrome genético; Condado de Down, ubicado en la zona meridional de Irlanda… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Down — Down, a. 1. Downcast; as, a down look. [R.] [1913 Webster] 2. Downright; absolute; positive; as, a down denial. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] 3. Downward; going down; sloping; as, a down stroke; a down grade; a down train on a railway. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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